R&D in the United Kingdom – Quick overview

  • Expenditure on research and development (R&D) performed by UK businesses continued to grow, expanding by £1.1 billion to £23.7 billion in 2017, an increase of 4.9%.
  • Software development was the product group that had the largest growth in expenditure on R&D performed by UK businesses, of £358 million (34.7%).
  • London had the largest growth in regional business R&D expenditure, increasing by £448 million (19.1%) to £2.8 billion in 2017.
  • UK government funding of civil R&D has overtaken that of defence for the first time, with funding of £978 million and £820 million respectively in 2017.
  • In 2017, total UK business employment in R&D grew by 7.4% to 231,000 full-time equivalents.

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